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发表于 2020-5-18 17:25:51 | 只看该作者 回帖奖励 |倒序浏览 |阅读模式
投影 projection
% g9 N# s# g, }, G/ u9 z# L% n投影中心center of projection
$ I3 e  D* s$ _# D* l3 e3 f投影面projecting plane
1 |! _# ?1 X! ?& L; Z3 v0 v# j% N  Q投影线projecting line/ R7 S% n7 Q4 p- ]2 U
中心投影法perspective projection
  ^3 R5 U9 [' T" p& x# P平行投影法parallel projection. ]2 ]* y/ e% A* g
斜投影oblique projection
4 H% \2 f/ k' C+ R5 d/ B& y正投影orthographic projection
8 P) U; U, T' @2 j正投影面frontal plane of projection7 P% L# v3 M3 v4 Q2 |+ V
侧面投影面profile plane of projection4 |0 j2 B. v" f( g, j/ N
投影图projection drawing
0 f0 r% d& B/ U- r! V1 I% Q8 V# {三面投影图three-plane projection drawing
9 i6 }, ^' O+ s: M8 s, [9 L+ G投影轴axis of projection5 `6 b' K: M! q- m
投影特性characteristic of projection
$ h* r9 |5 Q- D2 M不变性characteristic of true( b; a6 p" m' _6 M8 q. Z2 \
积聚性characteristic of concentration
( d) ?% _4 ?5 K) S: j% {: j类似性characteristic of similarity5 b& |/ m) f! R7 d5 ]# {6 Z; b1 U
视图view' E6 J* N- ]  I8 a* x7 u: }
三视图three-view drawing" R. U# G  `* m# _3 y
正面frontal plane
0 W- {2 k5 i! G/ b正面投影frontal projection
7 m& q2 U" X+ T/ _' m# ~! a水平面horizontal plane
6 h9 T0 D3 M4 q2 }2 R1 C3 l) @水平投影horizontal projection
0 _/ e" A* I9 }' h侧面profile plane
5 Z/ ^8 B3 B, Q" k$ G$ L侧面投影profile projection( V3 y: e2 ^( M; f) r: \! n
主视图frontal view% I% @, ~% X9 e+ W. f' R, F' j8 G
俯视图top view
6 [+ e/ ^. o6 I+ j4 j9 M左视图left side view
4 @' g4 }  A5 n9 S/ W( ?. C立体solid8 m8 I( N9 F6 z; j: U: M4 a
平面立体plane body9 E4 h: v% f8 Q( j- ^& z: |
曲面立体body of curved surface1 f- e4 C7 |$ ^6 K5 w/ I5 F
回转面surface of revolution7 J8 r" d+ q  A5 A
棱柱prism9 Y; M! u, ]) Z  A5 _2 v  W  U
棱锥pyramid1 i: X$ q4 M/ L" ^/ ~
边side
5 `8 w9 R4 u  h" Y* Y顶点center vertex! t! z: y! G5 K+ w3 h5 r
棱edge
, V3 ^) z# o7 f; A点point
+ \+ Z+ S2 `3 [1 S- H, o直线line straight line
0 d, J! |: Z) g7 N0 {7 Q: R; i棱锥台truncated pyramid/ f; }9 r; j' H% K  }' a
frustum of pyramid
( G7 i4 `' k) l+ [/ S& `+ s% I重影coincidence of projection/ X* Z! d3 y) O1 I7 b6 x/ n  ~
积聚concentrate  O) G# q7 C. Q8 r- j; p
变形deformation8 u4 h6 Y6 \8 N1 D" g
实长true length
4 H' q6 @) z! h4 z2 u8 U实形true shape
8 A3 Y  [) O8 x/ N正平线frontal line$ p3 g, [  L8 T6 a) |6 C9 o
水平线horizontal line
% B' D8 x! q5 a  ]& P' Z9 a侧平线profile line6 X) h$ P; ]2 E+ \
一般位置直线oblique line+ ~' T% z' s! F. r2 E* F; I3 S! ]. i1 e
铅垂线vertical line, frontal-profile line
$ H1 l% R. t# m/ R2 ~# G正垂线horizontal--profile line: Y7 M) ]$ s6 q
侧垂线frontal-horizontal line
& C% i$ ^. `7 j$ O! n/ e$ g- y( r一般位置平面oblique plane0 {8 u( p) l2 o
相交intersection* f5 I' |8 D! I$ S  V  [
平行parallel
' l1 B& x1 k9 l4 U垂直perpendicular
; a: M3 E& Y8 j+ ~5 K% S% h  h# P. T' D交线intersecting line, line of intersection
+ I" E3 a2 {( s交点point of intersection5 s4 c* b. f* M  k
平行线parallel line
. {+ s6 F8 h6 z8 m) j6 I/ S垂直线perpendicular line
* A5 \) l* `; J8 L- {+ p交叉线skew line
) L' S3 ^4 ?5 y6 e! Z长度length " V3 t4 b2 u7 |
宽度width2 V: h+ g. L' e: n4 U
高度height
. W; N" m# y! `/ p: Y% o组合体complex
: ]8 O- z" e! n/ z基本几何体basic body
# Y+ M# x0 n( G% A$ U相接built-up
/ F7 s% D( i7 t7 t$ D8 A相交inter section
3 X' E( ?' n% X相切tangent3 W  l, d1 I5 |! Z* z& x5 k  H
相贯penetration
  {- D9 L2 U1 D6 |0 ~支架brace6 S( b8 T  s- b7 u0 y
底板bottom board
3 p* o! K% K7 ]$ r# \- b" z1 ]肋rib
  W; E' V7 ^5 a( Y% w支承板bearing plate# v9 o4 \3 E" [: o8 |
轮廓线outline, contour line
* |; E  S- M0 a4 ]. Q底图traced drawing. D. i+ b) o! k( D; U: J$ N) ?
截平面cutting plane7 B/ P. K8 p% A
截交线line of section
7 z& P4 T  h6 H二重性dual nature* i, w8 H- o( K2 i' ]3 u  i
平面曲线plane curve; u  b' I# v5 Y2 n8 V' R
圆弧arc$ l  f5 S- U, ?0 K( H; }# Y
椭圆ellipse
7 X5 L: m5 Y' F* ?! B. g; H长轴major axis4 U) v/ H$ t; ~9 s7 h
短轴minor axis6 F7 ]4 o' g4 A: P  Z
双曲线hyperbola
; @) k8 k. G3 K) G9 ]/ G抛物线parabola
+ w" _# s0 N" X8 D圆circle. i& k% D* F9 e" o) [8 E
圆锥顶conic apex % T9 a( k! ^1 c+ B9 o
相贯体intersecting bodies, N+ B: R+ i6 r2 ?& z
相贯线line of intersection! `/ Y. e2 Q5 d: O
空间曲线space curve$ ~' e7 u5 T4 @% U# V
截平面方法cutting plane method
6 J" p7 P) H; L3 ?辅助面auxiliary surface, R% V  ~; ?# ~3 ~( F' y
辅助平面auxiliary plane
9 j& V* u3 A' y" P& u最高点culminating point( c/ q. ]4 r& X5 [4 C
尺寸Size
# y; ?4 U+ k% R; J7 d) V$ V+ v定形尺寸size dimension+ u7 L3 {& f* k% C4 H9 d& O
定位尺寸location dimension
+ ]! M' W0 n) r' I. G1 C7 x左视图right view
! |! F9 Y  C- |后视图rear view, back view) X/ B  R" I. F, G
仰视图bottom view* [$ c5 ~8 y9 M1 ^& O) D8 ^+ T- K
辅助图auxiliary view
% c, \" |% g2 V5 L* f1 G局部视图partial view, broken view- t2 H* e/ G: C0 G5 i. J' n
斜视图oblique view/ F+ I2 v" v! D9 G4 D2 W
旋转视图revolved view, aligned view
7 {0 |- d# Z: o" c2 d剖视图sectional view, section9 L* P7 n, T6 |1 u( d- o' i
全剖视full section  Q1 ]- f/ |# U; A
半剖视half section# d0 b9 w* m' @0 Y& C1 F, P
局部剖视图partial section, broken-out section. _- T/ F4 W+ {* ^( H& V
斜剖视图oblique section
+ A0 Y9 ]/ H+ [( D; s7 e/ ]旋转剖视图aligned section4 p, @" l. {) m1 |0 k& b" H
阶梯剖视echelon section, offset section
9 U4 s- k0 W- Q2 u  F8 c- O复合剖视compound section* p! {8 ?! j0 E0 q1 m/ X
剖面图section, sectional view. ~8 r5 A. K" G& U8 |; d$ X* ?. v. }
重合剖面coincide section, revolved section
2 E* r: q! ]1 k) X+ Q2 X  l移出剖面removed section
8 k' [& p, A1 k6 P% S: k& ]* m/ Z剖面线section line
* i* o* c% d1 G7 r剖面符号symbols for section-lining
) I' q$ I" a# t2 y! X/ C习惯画法conventional drawing
+ p' |" j" l4 y. S9 f局部放大图 drawing of partial enlargement* S5 q+ }7 |4 x
零件图detail drawing, working drawing
+ f8 a2 W2 M6 U9 E2 |" G第三角投影third angle projection, W' W! Z: T% [0 ~! Y
粗实线continuous thick line, full line, visible line7 X" x  M; y0 z  u# ~
细实线continuous thin line
- a) I6 u3 D+ G虚线dot line, dashed line, hidden line' d# i- L* @$ N
点划线dash and dot line6 K7 X  w# E4 [6 ^1 x$ J! O
双点划线double dots line
3 ~( d, Z3 t/ ~4 Y波浪线break line3 o+ P6 i5 G4 m8 K" Q/ b6 b
断裂线
( G) _5 L9 R4 Z: T( i5 c9 p5 ]剖切平面迹线cutting plane line
+ n9 U' o3 c+ m2 r# A  O尺寸线dimension line3 K' x" u- J- ?' C8 y! t2 \
尺寸界线extension tine
# n& U& C3 [+ N$ `0 y) e尺寸dimension size9 k0 o6 ^! N! }) I2 a/ x
箭头arrowhead
8 e+ J4 Z4 I3 @3 i基准datum+ s) O8 y1 F- j: h
基准线datum line
7 v1 @/ w$ W! O  z4 S! n基准面datum plane5 x6 G" Z, I2 m! ]* S, o' }9 e
中心孔central hole
% @4 ~  m* V. A( h8 X; ^' n/ i4 C中心距center distance
% v/ t3 K. ?2 B9 g5 C& y轴shaft, axle
9 W$ N+ h9 z; I& i+ I$ l& @- t/ o( r孔hole) W+ E% v6 r& f' @/ y
斜孔inclination3 r8 G+ I+ U; r/ w4 m9 T
装配图assembly drawing- z( A6 P# X- G
性能尺寸characteristic dimension/ h  F% o4 H8 ?% B2 `
大小尺寸size dimension
& }+ T+ T1 w( f. x5 Y总体尺寸outer dimension, P- |: z$ f+ u
外形尺寸
3 O: N$ G( s* a. i) l3 B配合尺寸fit dimension
7 d/ W2 w  M- i9 U+ @1 }6 s0 C内圆角fillet" k, h3 F& [9 ?& v" b) u! b# K
外圆角round
" i- `3 a6 D  m% [% ]尖角sharp corner
, U! K2 _0 E( K7 d, u  _6 _倒角chamfer
' S* U8 ~6 d, w' H轮缘flange of wheel" r9 g5 ~8 m" A3 `: o
缘、边、环rim
( d# h' p2 D, ]9 B轴肩shoulder1 a) q3 k! y& F: O$ ^! N: \7 p
凸台boss5 ^; Q( n' q/ S% e$ |
凹坑concave pit
# N, d( J, v- F( r4 f5 N: {6 F轴颈shaft neck
( v; D$ o7 X3 J; c7 X. z. ?轮毂hub& [1 L4 B7 X- [7 j, X
轮辐spoke, spoke of wheel
( ~! G1 X* S: p" _9 b直纹滚花straight knurling s
- `, k4 c# `5 ^9 y- B+ S网纹滚花hatching knurling" F! S, H! u3 \' G. Y5 |9 j
键槽key-way" |- x+ l& `  ]& R$ l7 c# Y
退刀槽escape( }2 o, E- z0 l# o. x& o
拔模斜度pattern draft
3 C6 I' G! F& p" t7 d; @填料盒gland box
: ~, Q  K3 S, H8 m3 n- B. x* _油槽oil groove
! c1 v4 @6 D9 _" E; b/ f1 R油封oil seal
7 e! i8 c. R" i# g; v7 N标准件standard parts
: Z1 y) ~: e! {# G" k' z& P  I9 \螺纹thread
: M- w) r- h4 n# H8 o外螺纹external thread! ^$ ?" ]/ l3 ~) I4 g
内螺纹internal thread- b! v5 Z* t# A) I) k. `" o
大径major diameter
0 G  b# @! y+ L1 Q. C* I小径minor diameter( H& V& \# ]% J- i' ?
螺距pitch of thread
" L& }8 u) b  s' U1 s; Z牙型form of thread
$ s' Z5 r0 ^# d6 a3 T7 b; r旋向direction of turning9 ^' M  @2 Z0 k4 }' o5 |
右旋螺纹right-hand thread
! w" @$ N' o7 x8 s左旋螺纹left-hand thread
, S+ b0 e+ o4 c3 R7 d3 p3 J头数number of thread5 k; f& i* z4 O- J4 J
导程lead9 X9 y  b* P1 N( h
粗牙coarse thread
2 _4 y+ w- o* S% y  ^0 `+ o9 J" t细牙fin thread, i- @  U# ^" ?0 z3 j5 n  ~; }
螺栓bolt
: c" y% N. t4 ]. N螺钉screw
; I, d  g; w( v. e3 N/ T螺柱stud
, M. v" ?8 ^9 g: M' G螺母nut
8 H7 i; O6 a; w- p垫片washer) q! h, ~3 N# P- Y8 ^
公差tolerance
5 v; H: b/ ~1 a# p# B公差带tolerance zone: A+ A4 w: s' W7 f  i4 `. e( x
零线zero line  f' T) `0 \' G" W0 R1 f7 I  e
标准公差standard tolerance" m5 n, _# P1 T- S
公差等级tolerance grade
. _: \' Z! ~; m, ?基本偏差fundamental deviation$ t7 |: T# \) x
配合fit
- ], [7 R& i; \2 W) g( L间隙配合clearance fit5 A2 x% @" V  q! ?8 M9 H# z
过盈interference
: ~6 b% h  ~' n* s1 a# t过盈配合interference fit
- {# K; s6 M$ n+ ?过渡配合transition fit
( u" G& |" p. T. m( p6 e基孔制hole-basic system of fits
+ d- G$ N4 D) \+ [基轴制shaft-basic system of fits
4 ~/ T8 k  T! M9 U! u( |间隙clearance9 X/ n; Z3 n( n
形状公差tolerance in form, form tolerance
, o3 _9 |+ H* }* S直线度straightness0 ]$ R4 j% E  M: E- s: c
平面度flatness5 v7 C: p0 [# m) g" y9 n
圆度roundness
) N$ D& ~; y7 X  n圆柱度cylindricity
# Y" n3 ~( Q0 |# K线轮廓度profile of any line
2 |4 F5 c& D- M" W8 @# ]2 |面轮廓度profile of any plane% n* _2 n$ H" B% }% X% q! u
位置公差tolerance in position, position tolerances
7 }0 k& X! d! {( L1 q* B平行度 parallelism) P6 K$ r& G# \! Q8 J# R0 ]+ n
齿轮gear3 s# q3 T3 }2 a% f$ q
圆柱齿轮cylindrical gear3 n% \  f" d2 p- g% q# W8 M
正齿轮spur gear
4 B+ Z0 |* Y3 T9 x斜齿轮spiral gear
$ y! @( e! v) I轮齿gear tooth
, J. U. ?9 s$ ~( r% X; {$ Q! E节圆pitch circle, I3 \; ~) }9 L, @' l
齿顶圆addendum circle, outside circle& j: x4 v  K0 M0 F
齿根圆root circle, addendum circle. E0 @' B6 ^5 f* ^% w- m
模数modulus
* K3 z/ B" F0 n! M& g齿数number of teeth; Z4 V( T" x* d+ U, J2 G) A- M
齿高tooth height3 V! \0 x2 [# I$ d- d; V
齿顶高height of addendum
( J2 l# M; z- c; W: ]齿根高height of addendum- A$ j& Y. `0 A6 f$ _7 t9 b
齿厚circular thickness. w- S0 ?- h0 H0 c
齿间tooth space
4 o- O+ s- G8 n! n: ^齿宽tooth width% W' G6 T- B$ E
压力角angle of pressure7 }5 Y/ f( w2 y- V4 j' @
弹簧spring
# R6 n/ {# f  _! t销pin
' }3 P# g  ?. ]% E5 r: ]' C6 R5 D圆柱销round pin% U1 G. E' t5 H1 R& E% {( _
圆锥销taper pin
0 B. m7 j! F, ~* j  u开口销cotter pin, split: J, i- ~4 U, E6 g: \
键key/ {7 t% X1 q& y4 e6 c, [6 |6 t) J3 n
平键flat key
; s; K; Z9 J& s/ v  ^( N半圆键half round key, woodruff key
/ S: [  y" \( u轴承bearing5 ]% d6 z. `& W9 f* b$ Y$ R- E0 D% F( O
滚动轴承rolling bearing
0 A+ n' \% a0 k6 f0 L向心铀承radial bearing
# t1 i- d$ T# O- c/ G* Q  v0 {. }) n0 b密封装置sealing equipment& R! g, E; \' s2 l5 `; L
锁紧装置locking equipment+ j0 B, b9 @3 l+ D# u- s9 P
粗糙度roughness8 A! K4 G- g1 i8 _; N; B" b
基本尺寸basic size$ B" E3 r6 H: J( a
实际尺寸actual size
& S% G  D# R4 E0 o极限尺寸limits size* o) b/ }9 K% d: |9 q; @% C
最大极限尺寸maximum limit of size
1 f: }/ j6 C. [) ]最小极限尺寸minimum limit of size
  @7 e4 P9 V3 y$ `偏差deviation
8 g* ]0 h& p8 V/ U/ H# L$ a* q上偏差upper deviation1 ^, {% x9 y* m$ y& e) d
下偏差lower deviation
3 ~/ P5 V& _  E5 N垂直度perpendicularity
) i) m! T" I4 M) M倾斜度angularity/ x8 w5 X5 T; q1 ?( b, q- y8 h" G0 ?
同轴度concentricity
& l$ p7 f1 p* e' V' ]6 d) |! G对称度symmetry2 _9 ]9 z: J' ?5 G* N7 O
位置度true position$ u7 B5 d- f2 y. y: ?3 B
跳动run-out5 d; W* ?5 f" {; q
圆跳动cycle run-out3 m% b, J% H. ~8 x, G! ]
全跳动total run-out 1 r# h2 }6 `1 K2 G7 k# {: ^$ u, d
轴测投影axonometric projection
; o/ D* U" K7 T) G轴测投影面plane of axonometric projection
( i3 }; ~) \  G4 X  V轴测图axonometric drawing% J3 [! |' y8 o  K$ n5 P( b. G8 Q
正等轴测投影isometric projection
' Z6 x+ |( G' b- r( T* F! Q正二测bimetric projection0 l: _% h; r1 T/ \. {' O: z
斜二测oblique bimetric projection' V  E3 H6 C8 C4 n3 I! q
轴测轴axonometric axis
6 g- F# r2 @9 L& i. q: [  x- o轴间角axis angle, angle between ales9 B; a7 G1 m/ F3 v
缩短foreshortened
3 C7 b# X7 w- }( Y2 z* w轴向缩短率coefficient of axial
( D  y5 Y) j5 a/ Q% z0 ~deformation ratio of
9 K' q2 V& d" nfore shortening for any axis
3 e2 p( h" i0 m# k4 D! L切割法cutting method, by cutting- R, Y8 V# ?; {* X9 Z; j( w! \
方箱法boxing method1 l- M, s. ?& \* o! P4 \) p' V
坐标法coordinate method! r7 V5 L! W: \
方框法enclosing-square method
# T+ Y* z; V/ n  j# j) a; X四心近似法four-center approximate metho

* W/ s0 E% r2 I- m2 j7 G# i: e) H. e
2#
发表于 2020-5-18 20:03:29 | 只看该作者
花时间整理不易!感谢分享,先收藏了。
3#
发表于 2020-5-19 08:09:18 | 只看该作者
赶紧收藏1 ?; K0 X4 _( b5 {( J. Y! {. b" u2 ~  M
4#
发表于 2020-5-19 12:51:04 | 只看该作者
国标点划线叫点画线。。。。。
5#
发表于 2020-5-19 20:12:43 | 只看该作者
感谢楼主分享,能否记住不容易呀!
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